Category «Foreign Language Study Reference»

Early Years in Machine Translation: Memoirs and biographies by W. John Hutchins

By W. John Hutchins

Computing device translation (MT) was once one of many first non-numerical functions of the pc within the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. With restricted apparatus and programming instruments, researchers from quite a lot of disciplines (electronics, linguistics, arithmetic, engineering, etc.) tackled the unknown difficulties of language research and processing, investigated unique and cutting edge tools and strategies, and laid the rules not only of present MT platforms and automatic instruments for translators but additionally of common language processing generally. This quantity comprises contributions by way of or in regards to the significant MT pioneers from the USA, Russia, East and West Europe, and Japan, with reminiscences of non-public studies, colleagues and opponents, the political and institutional history, the successes and disappointments, and primarily the demanding situations and pleasure of a brand new box with nice sensible value. every one article features a own bibliography, and the editor offers an outline, chronology and record of resources for the period.

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Das schöne Unendliche: Ästhetik, Kritik, Geschichte der by Ulrich Tadday

By Ulrich Tadday

Die Musik gilt seit jeher als die "romantische" Kunst schlechthin. Ähnlich diffus und ahistorisch ist die Verwendung des Begriffs "Romantik" bis heute in der Musikgeschichtsschreibung und Musikwissenschaft. In seiner Diskursgeschichte gibt Ulrich Tadday eine souverän geschriebene und urteilende Darstellung der ästhetischen Wurzeln, Vorstellungen und Nachwirkungen der romantischen Musik.

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a short history of languages by Tore Janson

By Tore Janson

This e-book is a background of human speech from prehistory to the current. It charts the increase of a few languages and the autumn of others, explaining why a few live to tell the tale and others die. It indicates how languages switch their sounds and meanings, and the way the heritage of languages is heavily associated with the historical past of peoples.

Writing in a full of life, readable type, unusual Swedish pupil Tore Janson makes no assumptions approximately earlier wisdom. he is taking the reader on a voyage of exploration in the course of the altering styles of the world's languages, from historic China to historical Egypt, imperial Rome to imperial Britain, Sappho's Lesbos to modern Africa. He discovers the hyperlinks among the histories of societies and their languages; he indicates how language developed from primitive calls; he considers the query of no matter if one language should be extra complex than one other. the writer describes the historical past of writing and the effect of fixing know-how. He ends through assessing the clients for English international domination and predicting the languages of the far away destiny.

5 ancient maps illustrate this attention-grabbing background of our defining attribute and most useful asset.

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Quantitative linguistics by Marie Těšitelová

By Marie Těšitelová

Because the Nineteen Sixties quantitative linguistics has passed through a very good improvement marked specially through makes an attempt to paintings systematically with language phenomena on all language degrees. in addition to conventional components the place major effects have been already completed ahead of the 60s (phonology, graphemics and lexicology), quantitative linguistics has now additionally penetrated into morphology, syntax, stylistics, historical past and typology of Read more...

content material: QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; CONTENTS; I. QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; II. tools of study; III. the most components OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; IV. different domain names OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; V. the appliance OF the result of QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; VI. QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS AND pcs; VII. views OF QUANTITATIVE LINGUISTICS; NOTES; REFERENCES; checklist OF ABBREVIATIONS OF THE ANALYZED TEXTS AND different LANGUAGE fabrics; record of alternative ABBREVIATIONS; identify INDEX; topic INDEX;
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offers a entire account of some of the advancements and purposes in quantitative linguistics. After an outline of tools utilized in quantitative linguistics, it discusses the most areas: Read more...

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Essais critiques by Roland Barthes

By Roland Barthes

Ces Essais evaluations sont un pan essentiel de l. a. réflexion de Roland Barthes sur le théâtre et los angeles littérature. Des auteurs classiques, comme Voltaire ou Baudelaire, y rencontrent des modernes, comme Queneau ou Robbe-Grillet ; mais il ne s'agit ni d'un palmarès ni d'une galerie d'exemples : du wrestle brechtien à «l'activité structuraliste», en passant par l. a. naissance du «nouveau roman», se dessine ici le tracé d'une des expériences intellectuelles exemplaires de notre époque, qui est l. a. découverte et l'exploration - à travers les domaines privilégiés de l'écriture littéraire et du langage théâtral - de cet inépuisable empire des signes, où l. a. pensée moderne mesure son espace et son pouvoir.Roland Barthes (1915-1980)Sémiologue, essayiste, il a été directeur d’études à l’École pratique des hautes études et a élaboré une pensée critique singulière, en consistent discussion avec l. a. pluralité des discours théoriques et des mouvements intellectuels de son époque.

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