Bronze Age Eleusis and the Origins of the Eleusinian by Michael B. Cosmopoulos

By Michael B. Cosmopoulos

For a couple of thousand years, humans from each nook of the Greco-Roman global sought the desire for a blessed afterlife via initiation into the Mysteries of Demeter and Kore at Eleusis. In antiquity itself and in our reminiscence of antiquity, the Eleusinian Mysteries stand out because the oldest and such a lot venerable secret cult. regardless of the super acclaim for the Eleusinian Mysteries, their origins are unknown. simply because they're misplaced in an period with no written files, they could in simple terms be reconstructed with assistance from archaeology. This publication presents a miles wanted synthesis of the archaeology of Eleusis in the course of the Bronze Age and reconstructs the formation and early improvement of the Eleusinian Mysteries. The dialogue of the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries is complemented with discussions of the theology of Demeter and an replace at the kingdom of analysis within the archaeology of Eleusis from the Bronze Age to the tip of antiquity.

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The coastline has progressed considerably, as in addition to the alluvial depositions from the plain, the dumping of industrial solid waste has added about 1 sq. km. of land only in the last century. 4 At that time, the area that later became the Thriassion plain was a submerged part of the continental margin off the coast of the Pelagonian continent. This area was thrust onto the land during the Alpine orogeny of the mid-Cretaceous to early Neogene Periods, when compressional stress stacked pieces of continents, continental margins, and seafloor basins into a single landmass.

In the eastern end of the plain two natural lakes (the Rhetoi lakes) existed until the 1950s, when the smallest one was drained. The water table is within 30 m to 100 m of the surface of the plain. There is a local aquifer in the bedrock, which supplies the water in the springs and shallow wells at the base of the hills on the plain. 14 The climate is characterized by hot dry summers and mild wet winters. According to the Meteorological Station in the Eleusis Airport, the average daily temperature varies from 9°C in January to 29°C in July and August.

Km. of land only in the last century. 4 At that time, the area that later became the Thriassion plain was a submerged part of the continental margin off the coast of the Pelagonian continent. This area was thrust onto the land during the Alpine orogeny of the mid-Cretaceous to early Neogene Periods, when compressional stress stacked pieces of continents, continental margins, and seafloor basins into a single landmass. Some of the Cretaceous limestone was gently folded into the hills that exist in the western part of the basin on the edges of the mountains.

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