Brain-Computer Interfacing: An Introduction by Rajesh P. N. Rao

By Rajesh P. N. Rao

The belief of interfacing minds with machines has lengthy captured the human mind's eye. contemporary advances in neuroscience and engineering are making this a fact, commencing the door to recovery and augmentation of human actual and psychological features. clinical purposes comparable to cochlear implants for the deaf and neurally managed prosthetic limbs for the paralyzed have gotten virtually commonplace.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) also are more and more getting used in defense, lie detection, alertness tracking, telepresence, gaming, schooling, paintings, and human augmentation. This advent to the sphere is designed as a textbook for upper-level undergraduate and first-year graduate classes in neural engineering or brain-computer interfacing for college students from quite a lot of disciplines. it will probably even be used for self-study and as a reference by way of neuroscientists, laptop scientists, engineers, and scientific practitioners. Key positive aspects contain questions and workouts in every one bankruptcy and a helping web site.

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Here we focus on implantable arrays for in vivo recordings because these are the most relevant for brain-­computer interfacing. The most common types of implantable arrays are microwire, silicon-­based, and flexible microelectrode arrays. Microwire arrays use tungsten, platinum alloy, or steel electrodes and are similar to the tetrodes discussed in the previous section. Silicon-­based arrays include the so-­called Michigan and Utah arrays. The former allows signals to be recorded along the entire length of the electrodes, rather than just at the tips.

What are four prominent types of synaptic plasticity observed in the brain? Explain how they serve to modify the effect of a presynaptic spike on the postsynaptic neuron. 4. What are the major components of the CNS and the PNS? 5. Describe the functions that have been ascribed to the brain stem and the cerebellum. 6. What are the major components and functions of the diencephalon? 7. What are some of the functions thought to be carried out by the basal ganglia and the hippocampus? 8. Approximately how many cells does the neocortex contain?

A) Illustration of how extracellular recording can result in a signal (called multiunit hash) containing spikes from multiple neurons. These spikes can exhibit different amplitudes and shapes. org/article/Spike_sorting). experimenter has to manually label spikes as coming from one neuron or another.

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