Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa by Prosper B. Matondi, Kjell Havnevik, Atakilte Beyene,

By Prosper B. Matondi, Kjell Havnevik, Atakilte Beyene, Patience Mutopo, Hanne Haaland, Festus Boamah, Marie Widengård, Rune Skarstein

Power crises and weather switch have generated worldwide calls for for substitute non-fossil gas assets. This has resulted in a quick bring up of investments in creation of liquid biofuels according to agricultural feed shares equivalent to sugar cane. so much African governments see biofuels as a possible for expanding agricultural productiveness and export earning and therefore strengthening their nationwide economies, bettering strength balances and rural employment. even as weather swap could be addressed via aid of eco-friendly apartment gasoline emissions. There are, even if, a few uncertainties mounting that problem this state of affairs. utilizing in-depth African case stories -- with Brazil as a comparative reference -- this publication addresses this information hole by means of studying the affects of large-scale biofuel creation on African agriculture, rather in regards to important land outsourcing and foodstuff protection matters. The surge for African biofuels has additionally opened area for personal traders -- either family and exterior -- to multiply and community "independently" of the nation. The biofuel growth hence generates new financial alliances and creation family, leading to new types of inclusions and exclusions in the rural population. This is an essential e-book for an individual wishing to appreciate the startling influence of biofuels on Africa.

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This has also led to major changes in the governance situation related to the food and energy sectors. Over recent years, increasing oil prices and growing concern about climate change have led to a burgeoning interest in switching to non-fossil fuels, such as ethanol (from sugarcane and other feedstocks) and biodiesel (from jatropha). Government consumption targets for non-fossil fuels, which are 22 23 1╛╛|╛╛Grabbing of African lands for energy and food linked to increasing oil prices and the peak oil scenario, have led to rapidly growing interest in biofuels and their production, and this is likely to continue in the longer term, as the scarcity of fossil energy makes itself felt.

The ‘combination’ possibility is particularly relevant where external investors are not allowed to own land in the host countries, as is the case in Ethiopia and Tanzania (see chapters 5 and 6). An alliance of external and domestic investors linked to host-state agencies may prove similar in outlook to the alliance of African states, international institutions and donor agencies in the 1970s (and into the 1980s) that also overlooked the interests of African smallholders (Ellis 1982; Havnevik 1987; Gibbon 1992).

In addition, the question of nutritional adequacy of food takes the issue of food distribution all the way to the individual level. When assessing food security, we might consider that cultural acceptance of food also plays a role. At present, global food production is sufficient to provide every human being with enough calories to lead a reasonable life, if distributed evenly. In sub-Saharan Africa, the number of undernourished people increased by 20 per cent from 1992 to 2002 (FAO 2006), while the absolute number of under� nourished in global terms decreased.

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