Bio-linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures by T. Givón

By T. Givón

Is human language an evolutionary edition? Is linguistics a traditional technological know-how? those questions have bedeviled philosophers, philologists and linguists from Plato via Chomsky. Givon means that the solutions fall obviously inside of an built-in research of residing organisms. during this paintings, Givon issues out that language operates among facets of either advanced organic layout and adaptive behaviour. As in biology, the entire is an adaptive compromise to competing calls for. version is the vital device of studying, switch and version. The distinction among innateness and input-driven emergence is an interplay among genetically-coded and behaviourally-coded adventure. In enlarging the cross-disciplinary area, the booklet examines the parallels among language evolution and language diachrony. Sociality, cooperation and communique are proven to be rooted in a standard evolutionary resource, the kin-based hunting-and-gathering society of intimates. The publication can pay homage to the past due Joseph Greenberg and his visionary integration of practical motivation, typological variety and diachronic swap.

Show description

Read or Download Bio-linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures PDF

Similar language & grammar books

Spatial Demonstratives in English and Chinese: Text and Cognition

As a topic of common charm, spatial demonstratives were studied generally from a number of disciplines. What marks the current examine as detailed is that it truly is an English-Chinese comparative research set in a cognitive-linguistic framework and that the technique contains a parallel corpora-based, discourse research method.

The Esperanto teacher: A simple course for non-grammarians

This little publication has been ready within the wish of supporting those that having forgotten the teachings in grammar which they obtained in school locate a few hassle in studying Esperanto from the prevailing textbooks.

The Idea of English in Japan: Ideology and the Evolution of a Global Language (Critical Language and Literacy Studies)

This booklet examines the ways that English is conceptualised as a world language in Japan, and considers how the ensuing language ideologies - drawn partly from common discourses; partly from context-specific tendencies in social heritage - tell the relationships that folks in Japan have in the direction of the language.

Semi-Supervised Dependency Parsing

This publication provides a finished evaluation of semi-supervised methods to dependency parsing. Having turn into more and more renowned in recent times, one of many major purposes for his or her luck is they could make use of enormous unlabeled facts including fairly small classified facts and feature proven their benefits within the context of dependency parsing for lots of languages.

Additional info for Bio-linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures

Sample text

4). The contrast between grammatical and pre-grammatical communication proves rather revealing, highlighting the adaptive nature of grammar. Some of the more salient structural, functional and cognitive differences between the two modes of communication are summarized in (13) below. Language as a bio-adaptation (13) Pre-grammatical vs. grammatical communication: (after Givón 1979a, 1989, 1995) properties grammatical pre-grammatical abundant complex/embedded grammatical (subj/obj) fluent absent simple/conjoined pragmatic (topic/comment) halting fast effortless lower lower slow laborious higher higher automated late late attended early early Structural: a.

Language as a bio-adaptation (7) Colorless green ideas sleep furiously The meaning incongruities that make proposition (7) bizarre — ‘colorless green’, ‘green ideas’, ‘ideas sleep’, ‘sleep furiously’ — are all due to the semantic specificity of individual words. The relation between lexical meaning and propositional information is thus one of inclusion, or one-way conditional. That is: One can understand the meaning of words independent of the proposition in which they are embedded; but one cannot understand a proposition without understanding the meaning of the words that make it up.

But this was only possible because each source construction shares some functional features with the passive, in some relevant sub-domain of de-transitivity: The adjectival construction in English, like a typical passive, is agentless and topicalizes the patient. The Ute VP nominalization, like a typical passive, is agentless and (by default) topicalizes a non-agent. 25 26 Bio-Linguistics The Spanish reflexive, like the passive, has a non-distinct agent and (by default) topicalizes a non-agent. The Kimbundu L-dislocation topicalizes the patient, and the impersonal ‘they’ suppresses the agent.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.23 of 5 – based on 37 votes