Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research by William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla

By William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla (eds.)

What were introduced jointly in those volumes are works characterize­ ing quite a few sleek quantitative reports on a opt for staff of marine organisms. a number of the species studied the following symbolize easy organic ex­ perimental subjects-in a few situations, marine models of the white rat and pigeon-that are getting used for a variety of reviews. different species studied have been nearly unknown as experimental animals. The authors have studied their animals in huge intensity, usually in either the sector and the laboratory. it really is this move reference among genuine existence and the unreal yet managed stipulations of the laboratory which provides us the mandatory knowing, and finally the ability, for bettering our quickly deteriorating setting, a needs to for man's survival, upkeep, and development of the standard of residing criteria. an instantaneous outgrowth of a AAAS symposium entitled "Recent Advances within the habit of Marine Organisms" held in December 1966, those vol­ umes contain an inexpensive stability among assessment and unique unpublished examine. Of the numerous folks who've made those volumes attainable, we want to in particular thank Nancy Fish, Lois Winn, Mabel Trafford, and Deborah Brennan. The latter complete many of the ultimate editorial paintings. The team of workers of Plenum Press have been cooperative in all points of our rela­ tionship. basically the 2 editors are answerable for defects within the volumes. We think the papers offered are major and should be of value to individuals of the medical community.

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4b), while those from tidal swamps having no permanent land-water relationship often exhibit a random or nearly uniform scatter (Fig. 4c). This behavior is also characteristic of wolf spiders in analogous situations, as described previously (Papi and Tongiorgi, 1963). Orientation in Shore-Living Arthropods 19 Other ecological factors also affect orientation behavior, both in regard to directional preferences and in response to disturbances. For example, the shoreline typical for Uca pugilator and Uca rapax is a beach bordered landward by vegetation and seaward by shallows.

8d) and more often the absence of any directional preference in others. These latter individuals moved about the chamber in the same manner as apparently unoriented control crabs. Furthermore, the young crabs showed little or no tendency to group as do adults. Hence, the high degree of variability in preferred direc- W. F. 19 20 20 n=249 c~ d I n= 51 0 u W

Telotaxis remains but some crabs show landward directional preferences to celestial cues. As above. Strong telotactic orientation (attraction) to objects of optical contrast; tend to move into lighted areas if moisture present. Orientation Table II. Summary of Organismic Characteristics, Behavioral Ecology, and Orientation of Sand Fiddlers, Uca pugilator, During Ontogeny i ~ ~ ~ Orientation in Shore-Living Arthropods 27 beach (or from females held and bred in the laboratory). The larvae and early instars were raised completely indoors (details in Herrnkind, 1968c) under diffuse artificial light and were not exposed to a simulated shore or the sun.

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