Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a by F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea

By F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)

For the 1st time, a synthesis at the learn paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In residing bushes (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate made from a four-year learn undertaking amassing jointly a hundred scientists from 24 nations, the publication is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all ecu experts have participated. It studies and reviews on the entire ecu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and woodland administration elements. despite the fact that, even supposing occupied with the eu woodland, it additionally compares the to be had info and interpretations to these referring to comparable species in different continents. It ends with propositions of analysis priorities for Europe. The e-book is directed to all scientists and scholars excited by wooded area entomology and ecology, in addition to to wooded area managers and all medical public attracted to wooded area biology.

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Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis

For the 1st time, a synthesis at the study paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In dwelling timber (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate manufactured from a four-year study undertaking amassing jointly a hundred scientists from 24 nations, the ebook is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all eu experts have participated.

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Most of the data are connected to the 1990 storms. Austria (11,000,000 m³), Poland (6,270,000 m³), Germany (5,900,000 m³) and Slovakia (4,490,000 m³) reported the highest losses. no data 2 Older no data 3 Germany Older 3,233,001 2 Hungary Pole 24,000 2 2 1 Lithuania Older 221,155 3 Poland Older 230,000 3 Romania Older 600,000 3 Slovakia Pole 600,000 3 Switzerland Older 492,000 2 7,640,156 35 Total (of available figures) 1 2 1992-2000 11,000,000 no data 2 1992 250,000 no data 1990-01 1,500,000 no data 1990-98 5,901,254 1990-97 1998-2001 3 3 Area (ha) Older France 2 Volume (m³) Belgium 2 Period 2 Physical danger for people 1 2,000,000 Cosmetic 1 Tree death1 Pole Erosion 1 Threatened Area (ha) Austria Country Avalanche 1 Host age Timberr 1 degrade Table 4.

Significant losses were reported in Slovakia (93,000 m³) and large acreages were reported in Spain (200,000 ha: Table 9). C. F. ) Germany 2,800,433 Poland 6,780,000 Romania 90,000 1991-2000 120,000 1990-99 Spain 1,100,000 3,000 1990-99 Slovakia 1990-99 Switzerland 45,000 1992-2000 Total 11,135,433 1990-2000 Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees Country Period Threatened Area (ha) Table 8. Damage caused byy Ips acuminatus 12,838,000 8,109 2,028 2,235 7,400 10,000 30 18,109 12,850,428 2,265 Switzerland Spain Slovakia Romania Area (ha) Volume (m³) Number of trees 45,000 4,500,000 1990-99 120,000 1990-99 45,000 1991-2000 Portugal 1 080 800 Poland 6,780,000 Hungary 217,000 Germany 2,800,433 Total Period Country Threatened Area (ha) Table 9.

The measures have been most commonly employed against Scolytidae, aided by the known attraction of the adult stages to freshly cut or damaged trees. There are also commercially available pheromone lures for the majority of the most damaging Scolytidae. C. F. EVANS 9 1 4 3 3 4 5 2 4 3 1 2 5 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 3 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 4 4 1 1 3 2 4 2 1 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 4 2 1 2 4 2 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 4 4 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 Burning Wet storage 1 HT/KD 1 1 1 1 Composting 1 2 Processing 3 1 Covering 3 1 Physical Treatment Debarking Ips typographus Hylobius abietis Pityogenes chalcographus Scolytus multistriatus Scolytus scolytus Ips acuminatus Tomicus piniperda Phaenops cyanea Rhyacionia buoliana Scolytus laevis Cossus cossus Cryptorhynchus lapathi Dendroctonus micans Ips duplicatus Ips sexdentatus Paranthrene tabaniformis Pissodes castaneus Tomicus minor Trypodendron lineatum Zeuzera pyrina Agrilus biguttatus Gnathotrichus materiarius Hylastes ater Hylastes cunicularius Hylobius pinastri Ips amitinus Ips cembrae Leperesinus varius Monochamus sartor Pissodes piniphilus Pityokteines curvidens Polygraphus poligraphus Saperda carcharias Saperda populnea Scolytus intricatus Scolytus triarmatus Sirex juvencus Tetropium gabrieli Trypodendron domesticum Urocerus gigas Storage restrictions Species Movement restrictions Table 13.

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