Autism spectrum disorders : identification, education, and by Dianne Zager, David F. Cihak, Angi Stone-MacDonald

By Dianne Zager, David F. Cihak, Angi Stone-MacDonald

The sphere of autism has been growing to be at an unheard of price in recent times. as well as an exact upward thrust within the variety of vintage DSM-IV situations, broadened diagnostic standards have exposed a much wider variety of autistic behaviors and skill degrees. The 3rd variation of this famous textual content keeps the venture of its predecessors--to current a finished, readable, updated evaluate of the sphere of autism, person who hyperlinks examine, idea, and perform in ways in which are available to either practitioners and oldsters. Key good points include:

*Expanded Coverage--To accommodate the new explosion of analysis, the e-book has been increased from eleven to fourteen chapters that learn the impression of autism at the person and the kin from infancy via adulthood.
*Expertise--Internationally famous specialists supply state-of-the-art remedy and academic info on themes corresponding to early analysis, scientific remedy, review, academic equipment, language improvement, habit law, and relations support.
*Neurobiological Research--Comprehensive clinical learn and remedy chapters offer an comprehensible evaluate of neurobiological learn and present remedies together with while and the way drugs might be hired as a part of a therapy plan.
*Focus on Early Years--Old sections I and III were mixed and a brand new 3-chapter part on early identity and intervention added.
*Focus on mom and dad and Families--In addition to a bankruptcy at the evolving position of households, a brand new bankruptcy addresses relatives wishes through the preschool years.
*Integration of review and Intervention--The chapters on evaluate and intervention were reorganized and extra heavily built-in in line with present pondering their inter-relatedness.
*Future Directions--Two chapters talk about rising instructions during this exploding box and the way to make trained judgements between a number of approaches.

This e-book is suitable for anyone--students, practitioners, or parents--who needs to supply take care of an autistic baby

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Extra info for Autism spectrum disorders : identification, education, and treatment

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It is administered within the context of a playlike interaction. The items of the STAT were derived from measures of play, imitation, and social communication. 86. * Good test-retest and interrater reliabilities & agreement between parents & teachers 50 Questions for adults with HFA or AS; 5 categories: social skill, attention switching, attention to detail, communication, and imagination; sensitivity, test—retest reliability, 6 interrater reliability of the AQ are good Instrument "ADI-R, Autism Diagnostic Interview—Revised.

This might account for the predominance of olfactory, tactile, and oral forms of exploration among some children and adolescents with autism. In some cases, the salience of proximal sensation persists well into adulthood. Another sensory feature is hypersensitivity to various stimuli (auditory, tactile, visual, and olfactory). Even low-intensity exposures can result in 1. DEFINITIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS 13 distress, agitation, and discomfort. Such unexpected reactions may convey the impression of physical pain or a marked overload of the central nervous system pathways responsible for modulating and neutralizing excessive stimulation (both negative and positive).

DIAGNOSIS AND CLASSIFICATION Overview The process of accurate diagnosis and classification is an essential endeavor in medicine, because it is key to ensuring validity and reliability, enabling etiological research, and identifying effective methods of treatment. Although ASDs are not medical illnesses in the classical sense, they do result from neurodevelopmental abnormalities that affect social, communicative, and behavioral functioning in fundamental ways. Our current state of knowledge indicates that autism is not a unitary condition with a single etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and treatment approach; rather, it is a group of related conditions that share many clinical features and underlying social-communicative impairments.

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