Attitudes and Questionnaire Construction by Naumann

By Naumann

Within the following sections of this paper, we are going to provide a quick comic strip of a few types of perspective illustration and talk about how those versions may possibly function theoretical grounds for the layout of angle scales. Afterwards, we will relate those concerns to the case of attitudes towards the pc and describe the development of an tool for the content-specific overview of attitudes towards the pc. The layout of this questionnaire is predicated on assumptions following the topical method of angle illustration (Tourangeau. 1987. 1992) and the concept of a bipolar constitution of perspective illustration (Pratkanis. 1989). The 3rd part studies the result of experiences that offer empirical facts for the diagnostic usefulness of those assumptions. within the ultimate part, a few implications for the layout of tools for the evaluation of cognition-based attitudes are mentioned.

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Such differences add strength to the argument that the tasks tap different underlying mechanisms. Most evidence from the subliminal perception literature finds the same pattern of results with and without awareness, with the purportedly subliminal measures just showing weaker effects (Desender & Van den Bussche, 2012). By demonstrating larger or qualitatively different effects in the task that presumably requires less awareness, researchers can argue that performance on the subliminal task is not just due to reduced (but still present) awareness.

Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 1-13. , & Standing, L. (2013). Is intelligence enhanced by letter priming? A failure to replicate the results of Ciani and Sheldon (2010). Psychological Reports, 112(2), 533-544. Chartrand, T. , Fitzsimons, G. , & Fitzsimons, G. J. (2008). Automatic effects of anthropomorphized objects on behavior. Social Cognition, 26(2), 198-209. , & Merikle, P. M. (1986). Distinguishing conscious from unconscious perceptual processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie, 40(4), 343-367.

2001). For example, in a study of the effect of parafoveally presented stereotype primes on a subsequent impression-formation task (Devine, 1989, study 2), a control condition measured awareness directly. Participants viewed the same words under the same conditions and were asked to guess each word. They successfully guessed fewer than 2% of the stereotype-related words, which was taken as evidence that participants were not aware of the meaning of the primes. 2 Devine also conducted a recognition test with new participants.

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