Arboriculture: History and Development in North America by Richard J. Campana

By Richard J. Campana

Arboriculture--the emphasis on retaining bushes alive and healthy--has emerged just recently as a career; even if, the practices in use at the present time are the end result of many years of improvement. the 1st publication of its type, Aboriculture: heritage and improvement in North the United States chronicles a century of this 'love of bushes' view because it has constructed right into a practicable career. starting with a dialogue of the origins of planting, transplanting, and pruning, Richard Campana presents a breadth and intensity of realizing of ways arboriculture has develop into a major strength in smooth ecology. particular subject matters mentioned comprise: the advent of woody vegetation to North the United States; botanical gardens and arboreta; gypsy moths; Dutch elm disorder; the Davey, Bartlett, and Asplundh tree specialists; herbicides, pesticides and fungicides; pruning; fertilization; wound therapy; and cabling, bracing, and lightning safety. This distinct historical past might be of curiosity to arborists, urban foresters, panorama architects, nursery businesses, contractors, park and town managers, superintendents of institutional grounds, educators, scholars, staff in land administration, executive and public utilities--and an individual keen on the maintenance of bushes.

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Lawson was financed by James Petiver, naturalist and apothecary of London, to explore the Carolinas and send back specimens. After eight years and a thousand miles of travel, he returned to England and published A New Voyage to Carolina, in which he described the flora and fauna. Better informed than Bannister, he was the first to introduce in his records a holistic natural history of the New World. The next botanical explorer-collector to appear in Virginia was Mark Catesby. In 1712 he came to visit relatives in Williamsburg, but remained to explore, collect, and sketch the natural history of the area.

Through military conquest from England to Persia, they extended knowledge of trees and arboriculture throughout the known world of the ancient west. In addition, they increased the range of many woody plants through the constant traffic and commerce for hundreds of years. The Romans were the first to give the tree worker a name-arborator. Used originally only for a tree pruner, this term was later used to include those who cared for any and all trees, including fruit species. Obviously, this is the origin of the words arborist and arboriculture.

2 Development of Selected Tree Injection Methods 403 Page xiii Acknowledgments The initiative and enthusiasm for this history were shared by the executive officers and the board of directors of the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA), and especially by Dr. S. Forest Service. Members of an advisory board of ISA provided the basic framework from which the chapters emerged, contributed illustrations, made helpful suggestions, and provided thoughtful leads. Members of a review board examined the entire manuscript and contributed to its improvement.

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