Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 2007, Volume 3 by Susan Nolen-Hoeksema, Tyrone D. Cannon, Thomas Widiger

By Susan Nolen-Hoeksema, Tyrone D. Cannon, Thomas Widiger

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On the other hand, Klein and colleagues (2005) cautioned that depressed parents have been found to have a lower threshold, relative to nondepressed parents, in identifying depression in their children. Ratings scales, for both parents and youth, were described as especially valuable for the assessment purposes of screening, treatment monitoring, and treatment evaluation. Unfortunately, most such rating scales have rather poor discriminant validity, especially with respect to anxiety disorders. The authors also indicated that, because so little research exists on the assessment of depression in preschool-age children, it is not possible to make strong recommendations for clinicians conducting such assessments.

Second, clinical interviews and/or other rating scales are important for gaining information about the onset of the disorder and ruling out other conditions. Such information can be invaluable in designing intervention services and, consistent with diagnostic criteria, confirmatory data from both teachers and parents are necessary for the diagnosis of ADHD. However, in ruling out an ADHD diagnosis, it is not necessary to use both parent and teacher data: If either informant does not endorse rating Annu.

Psychol. 3:29-51. org by Ball State University on 01/08/09. For personal use only. Clinical utility: the extent to which the use of assessment data leads to demonstrable improvements in clinical services and, accordingly, results in improvements in client functioning TAT: Thematic Apperception Test IQ: intelligence quotient Problems in Test Selection and Inadequate Assessment The results of clinical assessments can often have a significant impact on those being assessed. Nowhere is this more evident than in evaluations conducted for informing child custody decisions.

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