By Dominic Pasura (auth.)
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Additional info for African Transnational Diasporas: Fractured Communities and Plural Identities of Zimbabweans in Britain
The historical disaggregation of African diasporas is a useful starting point, but my particular concern in this book is on the relationships, connections, identities and linkages between diasporas and their original or symbolic homelands. As Bakewell (2008, p. 8) argues, ‘if the term diaspora is to have any analytical value and also retain its descriptive power, it needs to be reserved for particular people living in distinctive relationships with each other and a homeland’. And thus, to highlight the transnationality of diasporas, that is, the intensity and frequency of transnational flows and counterflows, networks, activities and identities that diasporas maintain across and within nation-states boundaries, I develop a fourfold classification4 of African diasporas as African Transnational Diasporas: Theoretical Perspectives 19 core, epistemic, dormant and silent diasporas.
Later, Cecil John Rhodes’ hopes of finding rich deposits of gold to the north of the Limpopo to parallel the discovery of the gold reef on the Witwatersrand in 1886 provided the impetus for the colonization of Zimbabwe in 1890 by British white settlers. White settlers were granted unrestricted access to the country’s resources, and this was done through the exploitation of the indigenous population. For instance, the Land Apportionment Act of 1930 institutionalized the racial land divide, an act that remained the cornerstone of Rhodesian segregation until the passage of a similar Land Tenure Act in 1969.
55) concept of diasporas of structural adjustment, African migrant groups that were ‘formed since the 1980s, out of the migrations engendered by economic, political, and social crises and the destabilizations of SAPs’. For example, Chikanda (2010, p. 133) observes that ‘by 2000, Zimbabwe had become a leading source country for health professionals, with 51 percent of locally-trained doctors and 25 percent of locally-trained nurses practising abroad’. ESAP recommended the liberalization of the economy, the privatization of state companies and the cutting of state subsidies.