Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific by World Bank

By World Bank

With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will make sure the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major danger of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the zone. and plenty of nations have already began the struggle: classes were discovered in numerous contexts, together with reviews from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. besides the fact that, with new equipment of investment, problems with potential, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to have in mind 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral aid; public health and wellbeing surveillance and tracking and review; prevention; care, help, and therapy; and health and wellbeing prone supply.

Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies recommendations for a way the realm financial institution, in shut partnership with govt, civil society and different companions, may also help within the reaction on the nation and nearby degrees. It stresses the necessity for nation particular techniques to handle the range of concerns in the zone and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this quarter to help ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to capability construction efforts.

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In most of the preceding situations where prevention is necessary, including those involving youth, education is key. Information, education, and communication campaigns for the general public and high-risk groups are important components of an effective HIV/AIDS prevention strategy. There is also a need for a broader educational approach to prevention that includes the education sector. Another significant element of prevention is voluntary counseling and testing, which can be important for prevention for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.

Additionally, given that there are going to be increased resources coming into countries through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (GFATM) and other donors, this will increase the strain on already burdened health and social service systems, as well as the broader government. Capacity needs to be strengthened and built within health—and broader—systems if countries are going to scale-up prevention, care, support, and treatment. Private sector involvement is critical for engaging with HIV/AIDS in the EAP Region.

Support is also necessary for families and dependents of people living with HIV/AIDS. As adults succumb to the disease, more children become orphans. Comprehensive systems of care need to be developed for these orphans, ensuring that they have people to take care of their emotional and financial needs, so that they can continue their educations and receive medical treatment. Programs and policies must be specific to each country’s safety nets and varying cultural and social mores. Voluntary counseling and testing is another component of care and support.

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