By John Peterson
Kharia, spoken in central-eastern India, is a member of the southern department of the Munda family members, which varieties the western department of the Austro-Asiatic phylum, stretching from valuable India to Vietnam. the current examine offers the main wide description of Kharia to this point and covers all significant parts of the grammar. Of specific curiosity within the number of Kharia defined right here, is that there's no facts for assuming the life of parts-of-speech, similar to noun, adjective and verb. relatively services resembling reference, amendment and predication are expressed via considered one of syntactic constructions, observed the following as 'syntagmas'. the quantity can be of equivalent curiosity to normal linguists from the fields of typology, linguistic idea, areal linguistics, Munda linguistics in addition to South Asianists in most cases.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Kharia (Brill's Studies in South and Southwest Asian Languages)
4). 5 then deals in some detail with the issue of phonological words in Kharia while Section 2. 6 briefly deals with sentence prosody. 5, but also syntactically as well. 3 presents a brief discussion of the few derivational affixes of the language. Chapter 4 deals with the lexicon, predominantly with the issue of lexical classes or parts of speech. 3) is discussed in detail. 4 then shows that the issue is in fact much more complex in Kharia, as what is involved here are not lexical roots or stems but rather syntactic structures.
3 "Marker of qualitative predication" vs. "copula" In Kharia, as in perhaps most other languages, there are two major types of predication, based on the structure of the predicate: narrative and qualitative predication, corresponding roughly to verbal and nominal predication in English. 1. 3 where among other things it is argued that there is no copula in Kharia in the usual sense of the term but rather, what translates as some form of the copula ("be") in English and many other languages is best viewed as a marker of qualitative predication.
There are four strategies that this author is aware of for dealing with these sounds, which while not phonemic (except for the glottal stop, which is marginally phonemic), are nevertheless very prominent features of the spoken language. 1. Glottalization is not indicated at all. Although this is relatively common practice, this strategy does not seem to have not been adopted by any organization striving for a standardized orthography. 2. g.