By Brousseau, Anne-Marie; Lefebvre, Claire
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Extra info for A Grammar of Fongbe
G. ). (i) 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. L H /gb a/ -» L H [gb ä] Note that voiced obstruents, but not sonorants, block the spreading of the high tone. For instance, a form like e gbä '(s)he broke' is realised as such, and not as e gbä. The blocking effect of voiced obstruents is subject to dialectal variation. For instance, Wiesemann (1991) reports that high tone spreading is not blocked by voiced obstruents in the variety of Fongbe that she studied. This extension of the domain may be viewed as an instance of the Stray Syllable Adjunction of Hayes (1980).
The pronominal forms are discussed in chapter 4. There is no tense, mood or aspect morphology (nor any person and number morphology) on the verb. Verbs occur in their bare form, that is, uninflected. Furthermore, as is the case in other Gbe languages, Fongbe allows bare sentences, that is, sentences which contain no overt expression of tense, mood or aspect. Bare sentences are assigned aspectual (perfective or imperfective) and temporal (past or present) interpretations that are computed from the aspectual class of the situation described by the clause.
Some authors provide examples with European proper names. For obvious reasons, these proper names have been changed to Gbe names. For example, 'John' and 'Mary' have been changed to 'K5ku' and 'Bäyf, respectively. In the examples cited, syntactic constituents are seldom identified. Whenever they are, they are identified by square brackets ([ ]), as is the norm in linguistics. Ungrammatical sequences or sentences are identified by an asterisk (*). ) indicate borderline cases. The diacritic # indicates that a sentence, even if it is grammatical, does not have the expected meaning.