A Glossary of Historical Linguistics by Lyle Campbell

By Lyle Campbell

Ancient linguistics — the research of language switch — has lengthy been a cornerstone of linguistics. With its lengthy background, a number of subfields, and intricate terminology, it offers many demanding situations to scholars and students. This booklet is a necessary complement to classes in ancient linguistics and the heritage of person languages. It offers an available, up to date, and generally consultant assessment of historic linguistics via explication of its major phrases and concepts.
Key gains:
-A convenient and straightforward to appreciate pocket guide
-Numerous pass references to similar terms
-New and standard terminology
-Defines terminologies, presents examples and suitable discussions
Distribution is restricted to Canada and the U.S.

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Extra resources for A Glossary of Historical Linguistics

Example text

Cochimí–Yuman is often associated with the controversial Hokan hypothesis, though evidence is insufficient to embrace the proposed relationship. code A cover term, purposefully vague, used in order to be able to refer to any identifiable, internally consistent means of communication, whether a dialect, sociolect, separate language, sign language, Morse code, drummed language, whistle, speech etc. See also lect, variety. code switching (also sometimes called code-mixing). Event or process in which bilingual (or bidialectal) speakers shift between one language (or dialect) and another in the same conversation or discourse, in situations where the interlocutors in conversation have more than one language in common.

As further changes accumulate, these dialects can develop into distinct languages; that is, they diversify, become divergent. The related languages of language families all descend from an original protolanguage that diversified over time. Thus, English is, essentially, a much-changed ‘dialect’ of Proto-Germanic, that has undergone successive linguistic changes to make it a different language from German, Swedish and its other sisters. Each proto-language was once a single language, which diversified, resulting in its daughter languages.

Change in progress Linguistic change that a language is currently in the process of undergoing. The investigation of change in progress is a major focus of sociolinguistics and one of its most significant contributions to historical linguistics. Variation in language, the subject matter of sociolinguistics, often reflects on-going language change, though some variables can be stable over time, exhibiting no inclination to move to completion (such as the English stable alternation of -ing with less formal ‘-in’).

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